Last Updated: Friday, 29 August 2014, 14:18 GMT

Freedom of the Press - Uruguay (2005)

Publisher Freedom House
Publication Date 27 April 2005
Cite as Freedom House, Freedom of the Press - Uruguay (2005), 27 April 2005, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4734519ac.html [accessed 30 August 2014]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

Status: Free
Legal Environment: 9
Political Influences: 9
Economic Pressures: 11
Total Score: 29

Population: n/a
GNI/capita: n/a
Life Expectancy: 75
Religious Groups: Roman Catholic (66 percent), Protestant (2 percent), Jewish (1 percent), other (31 percent)
Ethnic Groups: White (88 percent), Mestizo (8 percent), black (4 percent)
Capital: Montevideo

Uruguayan media covered the October 31 presidential election freely, but press freedom continues to be hampered by the country's criminal laws against defamation. Constitutional guarantees regarding free expression and freedom of the press are generally respected, although these are subject to qualifications for incitement of violence and "insulting the nation." Defamation, contempt, and libel continue to be regarded as criminal offenses punishable by up to three years' imprisonment. In 2004, several court rulings were issued that were in fundamental conflict with constitutional rights of free expression and tended to deepen an environment of self-censorship. Fifteen reporters and three media outlets were criminally prosecuted for publishing news and opinion, and four reporters and one media outlet were forced to pay thousands of dollars in damages to public officials and others who felt offended as a result of published information, even though its accuracy was left unchallenged. However, in October Uruguay's Congress gave its preliminary approval to legislation that would, for the first time, give journalists and the public access to government records. Uruguayans have access to a wide range of political views, with more than 100 private daily and weekly newspapers, many associated with political parties; some 20 television channels; and over 110 radio stations. State enterprises such as the telephone and electric companies tend to distribute advertising money to publications that editorially favor the government, causing some self-censorship.

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