Last Updated: Monday, 30 May 2016, 14:07 GMT

Freedom of the Press - Norway (2005)

Publisher Freedom House
Publication Date 27 April 2005
Cite as Freedom House, Freedom of the Press - Norway (2005), 27 April 2005, available at: [accessed 30 May 2016]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

Status: Free
Legal Environment: 3
Political Influences: 3
Economic Pressures: 4
Total Score: 10

Population: n/a
GNI/capita: n/a
Life Expectancy: 80
Religious Groups: Evangelical Lutheran (86 percent), other Christian [including other Protestant and Roman Catholic] (3 percent), none and unknown (11 percent)
Ethnic Groups: Norwegian, Sami (20,000)
Capital: Oslo

Freedom of the press is constitutionally guaranteed and respected by the government. Truth is not an absolute defense in libel cases, and fines have been increasing. A government ban on political commercials, designed to ensure equal opportunity to the media for all candidates regardless of varying resources, contravenes the European Convention on Human Rights, which Norway has signed. A nation of about 4.6 million people, Norway maintains over 200 newspapers that express a wide variety of opinions. At the same time, three large companies dominate the country's print media. In May, most Norwegian dailies were unable to publish when nearly 3,000 journalists went on strike for 11 days before settling a dispute over pensions and the treatment of temporary workers. The state subsidizes newspapers to promote political pluralism and limit the impact of local monopolies.

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