2005 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Niue (self-governing state in free association with New Zealand)
|Publisher||United States Department of Labor|
|Author||Bureau of International Labor Affairs|
|Publication Date||29 August 2006|
|Cite as||United States Department of Labor, 2005 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Niue (self-governing state in free association with New Zealand), 29 August 2006, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/48d74919c.html [accessed 9 March 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
There is limited information regarding the extent and nature of child labor and the quality and provision of education in non-independent countries and territories eligible for GSP, AGOA, and CBTPA benefits. These countries and territories generally are not eligible to become members of the ILO, so ILO Conventions 138 and 182 do not apply to any of them.5132 Territories are subject to laws of the sovereign country.
Statistics on the number of working children under age 15 in Niue are unavailable.5177 Information is also unavailable on the incidence and nature of child labor. Education is compulsory from 5 to 16 years of age.5178 In 2002, the gross primary enrollment rate was 126 percent, and the net primary enrollment rate was 99 percent.5179 Gross and net enrollment ratios are based on the number of students formally registered in primary school and therefore do not necessarily reflect actual school attendance. Primary school attendance statistics are not available for Niue. The Niue Youth Council is implementing a 2003-2008 National Youth Policy to empower youth and prevent emigration.5180
5132 ILO official, e-mail communication to USDOL official, January 31, 2002. Most of the areas covered in this summary report are considered by the ILO to be non-metropolitan territories and therefore, are ineligible to become members of the ILO. An ILO member can submit a declaration to the ILO requesting that these conventions apply to their non-metropolitan territories. See ILO, Constitution; available from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/about/iloconst.htm.
5177 This statistic is not available from the data sources that are used in this report. Please see the "Data Sources and Definitions" section for information about sources used.ILO, LABORSTA, [online] August 2005; available from http://laborsta.ilo.org/.
5178 UNESCO, Education for All 2000 Assessment: Country Reports – Niue, prepared by Department of Education, pursuant to UN General Assembly Resolution 52/84, 1999, Part II, Section 6; available from http://www2.unesco.org/wef/countryreports/niue/contents.html.
5179 UNESCO Institute for Statistics, (Gross and Net Enrolment Ratios, Primary; accessed December 2005). For an explanation of gross enrollment rates that are greater than 100 percent, please see the definitions of gross primary enrollment rate and gross primary attendance rate in the glossary of this report.
5180 Tangata Vainerere, A Sense of Direction for our Youth. See also Pacific Youth Bureau, Pacific Youth Strategy 2005 Updates, 2005; available from http://www.spc.int/youth/PYS_2005/niue.htm.