Brazil: Senate approves access to information bill
|Publication Date||26 October 2011|
|Cite as||Article 19, Brazil: Senate approves access to information bill, 26 October 2011, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4ea7dd122.html [accessed 23 July 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
The Brazilian Senate has approved the access to information bill eight years after a proposal was first presented to Congress.
"We welcome the approval of the access to information bill and congratulate the Senate for backing legislation that is fundamental to democracy," says Paula Martins, Director of ARTICLE 19 South America.
"Once President Rousseff signs the law, Brazil will be better equipped to lead the Open Government Partnership and promote an open and transparent government to its people and the region as a whole," continued Martins.
The new law implements the right to access information held by public bodies guaranteed by the Brazilian Constitution. It sets out the government's obligation to disclose information proactively and respond to specific requests for information. At present, the law needs to be signed by President Rousseff, who supported the drafting of the bill whilst she was chief of staff to former-President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.
Brazil has been witnessing frequent anti-corruption demonstrations in several cities, whilst conferences on transparency and public control gather citizens and governments nationwide to discuss access to information and accountability. Internationally, the lack of an approved access to information law was a direct contradiction to the leading role of Brazil in the Open Government Partnership, an international effort to encourage transparency within governments. The bill was approved by the lower house of Congress in April 2010 but was delayed by the Senate until now.
Brazil will now face the challenge of implementing the law across 5,565 municipalities, 26 states and one federal district. At the federal level, implementation will start with a national campaign to raise awareness on the right to information and will include comprehensive training of public servants.
All official bodies will be obliged to create a citizens' information service, to promote public participation through public hearings or consultations and to use the internet as a way to disclose information. Official websites will now be obliged to disclose information in different user- and machine-friendly electronic formats.
The law does not create an independent information commission. The Office of the Comptroller General is responsible to rule on appeals for requests to the executive branch. The legislative and judicial branches are required to create separate regulations setting out their appeals procedures. A special commission will review and revise information which is classified. Information relating to human rights violations perpetrated by public officials can never be exempt from disclosure.
NOTES TO EDITORS:
- For more information please contact: Arthur Serra Massuda, firstname.lastname@example.org, +55 11 3057 0071
- In 2008, during the country's Universal Periodic Review, the UN Human Rights Council recommended Brazil to "do its utmost to ensure that Congress adopt the law on access of citizens to public information." In November 2010 the Inter-American Court of Human Rights welcomed the initiative of the country to discuss a legal framework to the right to access information, in a ruling related to missing persons during dictatorship. And, in April 2011, the Inter-American Commission instructed Brazil to conduct a consultation process that is "free, prior, informed, of good faith and culturally appropriate" prior to the construction of a dam in the middle of the Amazon forest.
- ARTICLE 19 is an independent human rights organisation that works around the world to protect and promote the right to freedom of expression. It takes its name from Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which guarantees free speech.