U.S. Committee for Refugees World Refugee Survey 2000 - Cameroon
|Publisher||United States Committee for Refugees and Immigrants|
|Publication Date||1 June 2000|
|Cite as||United States Committee for Refugees and Immigrants, U.S. Committee for Refugees World Refugee Survey 2000 - Cameroon , 1 June 2000, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6a8c224.html [accessed 21 October 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Approximately 10,000 refugees lived in Cameroon at the end of 1999, including 3,000 refugees from Chad, close to 1,000 refugees from Congo-Kinshasa, and more than 6,000 refugees from various other countries.
More than 30,000 Chadians lived in Cameroon in refugee-like conditions.
Refugees from Chad
Armed insurrections in Chad during the past 30 years produced waves of population displacement. In May 1998, a peace agreement ended low-level violence in the south and created favorable conditions for repatriation.
More than 30,000 Chadians continued to live in Cameroon at the end of 1999. The vast majority long ago integrated into local communities and never registered as refugees. Although this population was largely self-sufficient, the U.S. Committee for Refugees (USCR) considered them "refugee-like" because they had been displaced by violence and did not have permanent resident status in Cameroon. About 3,000 registered Chadian refugees who have arrived in recent years lived in Tapare camp in the northern district of Garoua, 400 miles (about 640 km) from the capital.
In August, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) began registering Chadian refugees in Cameroon in preparation for a voluntary repatriation program slated to begin in early 2000. UNHCR predicted that up to 20,000 Chadians in Cameroon might choose to repatriate once the return program begins.
Refugees from Congo-Kinshasa
Some 800 refugees from Congo-Kinshasa (also known as the Democratic Republic of Congo, formerly Zaire) arrived in Cameroon toward the end of 1999 as part of an operation arranged by the U.S. government, the United Nations, and the International Organization for Migration. Most will eventually resettle in the United States, Canada, or Belgium.
Most of the refugees were ethnic Tutsi Congolese who had been detained for a year by their own government during their country's civil war.