Minorities at Risk Project, Chronology for Indigenous Peoples in El Salvador, 2004, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/469f38853.html [accessed 22 August 2014]
This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.
Efrain Cabrera Quintanilla and his wife, Cristina Alvarez de Cabrera, were shot dead in their home in Ahuachapan by soldiers from a nearby military base. Also, Samuel Perez Jerez was shot dead on the same day. All three were indigenous and members of ANIS.
Jan 16, 1992
The Salvadoran government and the rebel Farabundu Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN) signed a peace agreement ending the 12 year long civil war. FMLN dismantled its army and became a political party. The Salvadoran military will halve the size of its forces and a U.N. sponsored truth commission will be posted to El Salvador to investigate alleged human rights abuses. President Alfredo Cristiani promised to respect Indian culture and allow for extended Indian rights.
Feb 3, 1992
The Salvadoran government installed the National Commission for the Consolidation of Peace (COPAZ). This commission was formed by leaders of all political parties to direct a peaceful transition. Indian members of society are affected by this transition because it promises to halt violence against the rural population.
Apr 28, 1993
Rosendo Esquina Ceren, chief of El Salvador's Lenca, Pupil, and Maya Indians, died at 117 years of age after years of illness. He was laid to rest in the Village of San Antonio del Monte in the largely Indian province of Sonsonate.
Mar 27, 1995
Sonsonate, a region previously known for its ample water supply, is experiencing a water shortage. Indigenous inhabitants of Nahuilingo and Nahuizalco (Sonsonate) staged opposition protests (no numerical figures available) to defend their water resources from government hands. Their water resources were being diverted to other drier parts of the country. The country holds 3,638 cubic meters of water per person; minimum satisfactory level is 5,000 cubic meters.