Last Updated: Thursday, 26 May 2016, 08:56 GMT

Netherlands: State and non-state organizations providing assistance to female violent crime victims, particularly those of Muslim background

Publisher Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada
Author Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board, Canada
Publication Date 29 September 2004
Citation / Document Symbol NLD43010.E
Reference 7
Cite as Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Netherlands: State and non-state organizations providing assistance to female violent crime victims, particularly those of Muslim background, 29 September 2004, NLD43010.E, available at: [accessed 27 May 2016]
DisclaimerThis is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.

No mention of organizations providing assistance specifically to female violent crime victims of Muslim background could be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate.

According to the Website of TransAct, a "national centre of expertise" on sexual violence (n.d., 5), a number of organizations provide assistance to female victims of violence (ibid., 3-8).

These include the First Line (De Eerste Lijn), a telephone hotline staffed by social workers for girls or women who have been subjected to sexual violence (ibid., 3). Turkish and Arabic speaking personnel are available for two hours every week (ibid.). Other hotlines include SOS Telephone Help (SOS telefonische Hulpdiensten), staffed by trained volunteers, and the Migrant Women Telephone line (Allochtone Vrouwentelefoon), a service for immigrant women through which they can discuss problems with personnel who speak their language and share the same cultural background (ibid.).

Additionally, female violent crime victims can obtain assistance from the Against Her Will, Drenthe (Tegen Haar Wil Drenthe), an organization operating throughout the country, with a mandate to help individuals facing "harassment, stalking, assault, rape, physical and/or mental abuse" (ibid.), along with the Victim Relief Bureau (Buro Slachtofferhulp), which promotes the "interests and rights of victims of, among other things, criminal offences. Help and advice are free of charge. The Buro Slachtofferhulp has one or more offices in every police district. Also the members often have walk-in hours at the local police stations" (ibid., 6). According to the World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems, the Victim Relief Bureau network receives funding from the Ministry of Justice (US n.d.).

Furthermore, under the terms of the "Terwee Act," which came into force on 1 April 1995, the Public Prosecutor Service is "required to advise [crime victims] on how to claim compensation, and has to keep them informed of progress in the case" (The Netherlands n.d.).

This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim for refugee protection. Please find below the list of additional sources consulted in researching this Information Request.


Netherlands, The. (n.d.). Office of the Public Prosecution Service. "Connections with the Community." [Accessed 27 Sept. 2004]

TransAct [Utrecht]. n.d. "Unspeakable Pain: When Blows Strike Home." [Accessed 27 Sept. 2004]

United States (US). n.d. Department of Justice. Alexis A. Aronowitz. "The Netherlands." World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems. [Accessed 27 Sept. 2004]

Additional Sources Consulted

Oral sources: One oral source did not provide information; unsuccessful attempts to contact two oral sources.

Publication: The Netherlands. July 2004. The Netherlands: Ten Years after Beijing.

Internet sites, including: Centre for Gender and Diversity, Crosspoint, International Information Centre and Archives for the Women's Movement, International Victimology Website, Ministry of Interior and Kingdom Relations, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Social Affairs and Development, Netherlands Institute of Human Rights, Netherlands Police Institute.

Copyright notice: This document is published with the permission of the copyright holder and producer Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB). The original version of this document may be found on the offical website of the IRB at Documents earlier than 2003 may be found only on Refworld.

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