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Kenya: 1. Is there information suggesting that police and/or Mungiki extort money from Matatu (minibus) drivers in Kenya? 2. Is there any information to indicate that there is a ‘Thai' religion in Kenya that is distinct from Mungiki? If so, do followers attract adverse attention from authorities? 3. Deleted. 4. Deleted. 5. Is there any general information on the question of a land price boom, and is there information about people muscling in on land owners and harassing them to part with or sell their land?

23 March 2012 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Kenya: 1. Is it usual for women to become members of the Mungiki? 2. Are women given positions of responsibility in the Mungiki? 3. What does the initiation ceremony for female members of the Mungiki involve? 4. Is there any information on the way the Mungiki conduct their meetings? 5. Do the Mungiki force women in their thirties to undergo FGM? 6. Are the Mungiki still engaged in violence in Kenya? If yes, whom do they target? 7. Do the Kenyan authorities provide protection to individuals against harm by the Mungiki?

13 January 2012 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Kenya: 1. What is the specific offence (if any) with which a person would be charged if accused of being a homosexual man, or engaging in male same-sex sexual activity, in Kenya? 2. What is the specific offence (if any) with which a person would be charged if accused of being a lesbian, or engaging in female same-sex sexual activity, in Kenya?

12 August 2011 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Kenya: 1. Please provide background information about the Mungiki, including its history, its tribal connections, its objectives, its membership and ways of operating

14 April 2011 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Kenya: 1. Is there continuing ethnic tension in Kenya between the Kikuyu and Luo tribes? 2. To what extent do members of the Luo tribe suffer discrimination or harm from members of the Mungiki or from Kikuyu people generally? 3. What is the situation in this regard in the Mathare area of Nairobi? 4. Are there other areas of Nairobi or Kenya where people of the Luo tribe might be safe from tribal violence? 5. Do the Mungiki or the Kikuyu tribe practice female circumcision? 6. Are there any reports of Luo women being circumcised or threatened with circumcision by members of the Mungiki or the Kikuyu tribe? 7. Please provide information on the treatment of single women and their children by the state and by Kenyan society generally. 8. What protection is available to single women who might fear harm (including circumcision) or discrimination?

1 March 2011 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Kenya: 1. Please provide background information on the bisexual and homosexual community in Kenya, including estimates of proportion / population. 2. Deleted. 3. Please provide information on the current laws on bisexuality and homosexuality in Kenya, including whether it is illegal to be bisexual or homosexual and the penalty for conviction of an offence under the relevant laws. Please also include information on the enforcement of the laws by the relevant authorities. 4. Please provide information on treatment of, and attitude toward, homosexuals by general society in Kenya, including traditional attitudes. 5. Please provide information on whether there is mob-violence whereby groups of the public attack bisexuals or homosexuals. 6. Please provide information on the treatment of homosexuals and bisexuals by the state authorities, particularly the police, in Kenya. 7. Please provide information on the protection of, and support services for, homosexuals and bisexuals in Kenya. 8. Please provide information on whether there are any areas within Kenya where the treatment of homosexuals or bisexuals is more tolerant (with a view to the reasonableness of relocation to such an area).

20 January 2011 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Kenya: 1. Please provide information on the Luo ethnic group in Kenya. 2. Is there any information to suggest that Muslim Nubian gangs operate without hindrance in places such as Kisumu? 3. Deleted. 4. What level of police protection is available in Kisumu?

5 January 2011 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Kenya: 1. Were the elections held in 2007 or 2008? 2. Are the Kikuyu subjected to serious harm by state and non-state agents in Kenya? 3. Would they be afforded state protection? 4. Who are the Mungiki? 5. What is the PNU? 6. Who are Kalenjin ODM affiliates?

2 December 2010 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Kenya: 1. Where are the following places in relation to each other: Nyeri, Narok Town, Narumoru Town in Nanyuki District and Githima? 2. Are the Mungiki known to be active in these areas? 3. Is the government cracking down on the Mungiki? 4. Are the Mungiki known to hand out letters stating that certain people are members? 5. Do the Mungiki turn against/threaten family members? Are they more likely to target female family members without husbands? 6. How dominant are the Kikuyu in the above areas? 7. Do the authorities protect people threatened with female genital mutilation? 8. Deleted.

27 July 2010 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

Kenya: 1. What are the employment opportunities for a person within Kenya especially in the field of education if the person has been overseas as a student for some years and holds a bachelor, masters and a Graduate Diploma in Teaching from overseas. 2. What qualifications are there for a person wishing to be a teacher in Kenya? 3. Is there evidence to suggest that a woman from the Luo tribe who cannot work as a teacher because she is not qualified enough will also be denied medical treatment because she is unemployed and will be discriminated against in society generally and particularly in employment. 3. Are single women in their 30's forced to marry?

25 June 2010 | Publisher: Australia: Refugee Review Tribunal | Document type: Query Responses

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