Haiti: Reports of the Préval government being involved in politically motivated violence (2007-2009)
|Publisher||Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada|
|Author||Research Directorate, Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Ottawa|
|Publication Date||21 January 2010|
|Citation / Document Symbol||HTI103345.E|
|Cite as||Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Haiti: Reports of the Préval government being involved in politically motivated violence (2007-2009), 21 January 2010, HTI103345.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4b7cee7ec.html [accessed 6 March 2015]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Reports of politically motivated violence linked to the Préval government in recent years could not be found among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate. According to the United States (US) Department of State's Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, there were no known cases of politically motivated killings or disappearances, or of torture committed by the government or its agents in 2007 or 2008 (US 25 Feb. 2009, Sec. 1; ibid. 11 Mar. 2008, Sec. 1). In 29 December 2009 correspondence, the Director of the US-based Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti (IJDH), which monitors human rights and political activities within the country (IJDH n.d.), indicated that he could not "recall any politically-motivated violence committed by the Préval government itself" (IJDH 29 Dec. 2009).
The IJDH Director indicated that he had heard of "a few incidents of alleged violence by Lespwa [President Préval's political party] supporters or officials [during] the elections earlier this year" but could not recall any case were the government itself was implicated (IJDH 29 Dec. 2009). In a 1 September 2009 report to the United Nations (UN) Security Council, the UN Secretary-General also noted that during 2009 senatorial elections, there were "[a]llegations of involvement in electoral incidents by certain candidates and sitting members of Parliament," without identifying the political affiliation of those reportedly involved (UN 1 Sept. 2009, Para. 12). The report also stated that "electoral violence remained comparatively low" (ibid.).
This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim for refugee protection. Please find below the list of sources consulted in researching this Information Request.
Institute for Justice & Democracy in Haiti (IJDH). 29 December 2009. Correspondence with Director.
_____. N.d. "Our Work."
United Nations (UN). 1 September 2009. Security Council. Report of the Secretary- General on the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti. (S/2009/439)
United States (US). 25 February 2009. Department of State. "Haiti." Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2008.
_____. 11 March 2008. Department of State. "Haiti." Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2007.
Additional Sources Consulted
Oral Sources: Efforts to contact the Haiti Democracy Project and the Réseau national de défense des droits humains (RNDDH) were unsuccessful.
Internet sources, including: Amnesty International (AI), British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), Council on Hemispheric Affairs (COHA), Freedom House, HaitiAction.net, Haiti Democracy Project, Human Rights Watch (HRW), International Crisis Group, Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC), Office of the United Nations UN)High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Réseau national de défense des droits humains (RNDDH), Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA).