2005 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Anguilla (territory of the United Kingdom)
|Publisher||United States Department of Labor|
|Author||Bureau of International Labor Affairs|
|Publication Date||29 August 2006|
|Cite as||United States Department of Labor, 2005 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Anguilla (territory of the United Kingdom), 29 August 2006, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/48d749162.html [accessed 30 October 2014]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
There is limited information regarding the extent and nature of child labor and the quality and provision of education in non-independent countries and territories eligible for GSP, AGOA, and CBTPA benefits. These countries and territories generally are not eligible to become members of the ILO, so ILO Conventions 138 and 182 do not apply to any of them.5132 Territories are subject to laws of the sovereign country.
Statistics on the number of working children under age 15 in Anguilla are unavailable.5133 Information is unavailable on the incidence and nature of child labor. The Labor Code sets the minimum age for employment at 15 years, and prohibits night work for children under the age of 18 years.5134 The Education Act of 1994 mandates compulsory education for 13 years from the age of 5 through 17 years.5135 In 2002, the gross primary enrollment rate was 100 percent, and the net primary enrollment rate was 95 percent.5136 Gross and net enrollment ratios are based on the number of students formally registered in primary school and therefore do not necessarily reflect actual school attendance. Primary school attendance statistics are not available for Anguilla. According to the population Census 2001 there was a small number of children below age 15 years not attending school due to severe physical or mental disabilities. The Special Needs Department of the Ministry of Education promotes activities to expand access to education for these children.5137 The Government of Anguilla is implementing a 5-year Education Development Plan that aims to increase access to quality education, improve teacher assessments and retention rates, promote curriculum standardization, provide increased teacher training, and increase the emphasis on social education and the involvement of teachers in educational planning.5138
5132 ILO official, e-mail communication to USDOL official, January 31, 2002. Most of the areas covered in this summary report are considered by the ILO to be non-metropolitan territories and therefore, are ineligible to become members of the ILO. An ILO member can submit a declaration to the ILO requesting that these conventions apply to their non-metropolitan territories. See ILO, Constitution; available from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/about/iloconst.htm.
5133 This statistic is not available from the data sources that are used in this report. Please see the "Data Sources and Definitions" section for information about sources used. Reliable data on the worst forms of child labor are especially difficult to collect given the often hidden or illegal nature of the worst forms, such as the use of children in the illegal drug trade, prostitution, pornography, and trafficking. As a result, statistics and information on children's work in general are reported in this section. Such statistics and information may or may not include the worst forms of child labor. For more information on the definition of working children and other indicators used in this report, please see the "Data Sources and Definitions" section of this report.
5134 Government of Anguilla, Labour Code 2003; available from http://www.ahta.ai/article/articleview/1019/1/172/.
5135 U.S. Department of State official, e-mail communication to USDOL official, March 16, 2004.
5136 UNESCO Institute for Statistics, http://stats.uis.unesco.org/TableViewer/tableView.aspx?ReportId=51 (Gross and Net Enrolment Ratios, Primary; accessed December 2005). For an explanation of gross primary enrollment rates that are greater than 100 percent, please see the definition of gross primary enrollment rates in the glossary of this report.
5137 U.S. Department of State official, e-mail communication, March 16, 2004.
5138 Government of Anguilla, Draft Five-Year Education Development Plan 2005-2010, November 2004, 11-12; available from http://www.gov.ai/First%20Draft%20EDP%202005-2010.pdf.