Albania: Procedure for filling in the cause of death on Albanian death certificates; whether there is a written explanation of the cause of death or a reference to a section of the act governing the issuance of death certificates; whether the procedure is standardized throughout Albania
|Publisher||Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada|
|Publication Date||1 February 2011|
|Citation / Document Symbol||ALB103670.E|
|Cite as||Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Albania: Procedure for filling in the cause of death on Albanian death certificates; whether there is a written explanation of the cause of death or a reference to a section of the act governing the issuance of death certificates; whether the procedure is standardized throughout Albania, 1 February 2011, ALB103670.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4f9e301f2.html [accessed 5 August 2015]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
Information on the procedures for filling in the cause of death on Albanian death certificates was scarce among the sources consulted by the Research Directorate. An official at the Embassy of Albania in Washington, DC stated, in a telephone interview with the Research Directorate, that, to his knowledge, the cause of death on Albanian death certificates is a written explanation based on the medical report of the deceased (25 Jan. 2011). He was not aware of any cases in which the cause of death referenced a code or a section of the act governing the issuance of death certificates (Albania 25 Jan. 2011).
According to a 2008 demographic study of Albania conducted by two Geneva University professors, registration of deaths in Albania requires medical verification in order to be valid (Lerch and Wanner 10 Jan. 2008, 17). However, medical verification was not a requirement on death certificates in the past (ibid., 19). The study indicates that Albania uses the ninth edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) to record the medical causes of death, including the primary cause, external cause, and secondary causes (ibid., 17). In practice, the study notes "inaccurate reporting" on the cause of death in some instances (ibid., 19). Specifically, it reports that while the primary cause of death was recorded in almost all cases, information on external and secondary causes of death was missing in 10 percent of cases (ibid.).
This Response was prepared after researching publicly accessible information currently available to the Research Directorate within time constraints. This Response is not, and does not purport to be, conclusive as to the merit of any particular claim for refugee protection. Please find below the list of sources consulted in researching this Information Request.
Albania. 25 January 2011. Embassy of Albania, Washington, DC. Telephone interview with the Consul.
Lerch, Mathias, and Philippe Wanner. 10 January 2008. Demographic Data in Albania. Results of an Assessment. Geneva University.
Additional Sources Consulted
Oral sources: Attempts to contact officials at the Albanian Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as well as representatives at the World Health Organization (WHO) in Tirana were unsuccessful. An official at the Embassy of Albania in Ottawa was unable to provide information.
Internet sites, including: Albanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Embassy of Albania in Ottawa, European Country of Origin Information Network (ecoi.net), Factiva, United Nations (UN) Refworld, United States (US) Embassy in Tirana, WHO.