2005 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Turks and Caicos Islands (territory of the United Kingdom)
|Publisher||United States Department of Labor|
|Author||Bureau of International Labor Affairs|
|Publication Date||29 August 2006|
|Cite as||United States Department of Labor, 2005 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Turks and Caicos Islands (territory of the United Kingdom), 29 August 2006, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/48d7491b35.html [accessed 30 September 2016]|
|Disclaimer||This is not a UNHCR publication. UNHCR is not responsible for, nor does it necessarily endorse, its content. Any views expressed are solely those of the author or publisher and do not necessarily reflect those of UNHCR, the United Nations or its Member States.|
There is limited information regarding the extent and nature of child labor and the quality and provision of education in non-independent countries and territories eligible for GSP, AGOA, and CBTPA benefits. These countries and territories generally are not eligible to become members of the ILO, so ILO Conventions 138 and 182 do not apply to any of them.5132 Territories are subject to laws of the sovereign country.
Statistics on the number of working children under age 15 in the Turks and Caicos Islands are unavailable.5196 Information is also unavailable on the incidence and nature of child labor. The Turks and Caicos Employment Ordinance of 2004 sets the minimum age of employment at 15 years and stipulates that children under 16 years must have parental or guardian consent to work. However, children under 16 years may work for family members.5197 The Constitution of Turks and Caicos prohibits slavery and forced labor.5198 The government provides 13 years of basic education to children from age 4 to 16.5199 In 2002, the gross primary enrollment rate was 84 percent, and the net primary enrollment rate was 73 percent.5200 Gross and net enrollment ratios are based on the number of students formally registered in primary school and therefore do not necessarily reflect actual school attendance. Primary school attendance statistics are not available for the Turks and Caicos Islands. The government has set up a Complaints Commission to handle complaints of violations of children's rights.5201
5132 ILO official, e-mail communication to USDOL official, January 31, 2002. Most of the areas covered in this summary report are considered by the ILO to be non-metropolitan territories and therefore, are ineligible to become members of the ILO. An ILO member can submit a declaration to the ILO requesting that these conventions apply to their non-metropolitan territories. See ILO, Constitution; available from http://www.ilo.org/public/english/about/iloconst.htm.
5196 This statistic is not available from the data sources that are used in this report. Please see the "Data Sources and Definitions" section for information about sources used.
5197 Employment Ordinance 2004, Part II, Articles 9-10; available from http://tcimall.tc/commerce/2004EmploymentBill.doc.
5198 The Constitution of the Turks and Caicos Islands, (May 15, 1998), Part VIII, Section 70; available from http://www.turksandcaicosislands.gov.tc/OtherPages/THE%20CONSTITUTION.pdf.
5199 Commonwealth Secretariat of the United Kingdom, Commonwealth Yearbook: Turks and Caicos Islands, [online] [cited September 27, 2005]; available from http://www.thecommonwealth.org/Templates/YearbookInternal.asp?NodeID=140431.
5200 These figures are down from 99 percent gross and 88 percent net primary enrollment in 2001. See UNESCO Institute for Statistics, (Gross and Net Enrolment Ratios, Primary; accessed December 2005).
5201 Committee on the Rights of the Child, Concluding Observations, para. 15.